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APA: is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. APA Style is commonly used in the Social and Applied Sciences, Psychology, and Education.
MLA: is based on the Modern Language Association’s MLA Manual & Guide to Scholarly Publishing. MLA Style is commonly used in the Arts and Humanities, which is why it is taught in English classes.
Chicago: is derived from the The Chicago Manual of Style. Published by the University of Chicago. Chicago Style is often used in history research as well as many other disciplines.
Turabian: Kate Turabian is the original author of A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. In the current (7th) edition, members of the University of Chicago editorial staff have revised the manual to include more source types along with updated examples and guidance on citing electronic sources.
CSE: is the style guide for scientific publication. The 7th edition of Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers is published by the Council of Science Editors in cooperation with The Rockefeller University Press.
Citation: the basic, pertinent information needed to find the full text of a publication. Citation formats vary according to the field of study and/or requirements of particular publications.
Citation Style: dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting. Styles include MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian.
Bibliography: a list of citations that appears at the end of a paper, article, chapter, or book. The bibliography is called a Works Cited list in MLA. The bibliography is referred to as a list of References in APA format.
Annotated Bibliography: each citation is followed by a brief note or description that comments on and/or evaluates the source and the information found in it.